Posted by: mel | October 22, 2009

Glodok, China Town in Jakarta Capital City

Berita Jakarta | 22 October 2009

Going along narrow alley in china town, Glodok, west Jakarta creates a bold Chinese nuance. Red and gold colors dominate the area. It looks clearly. We can smell china joss stick also, in every alley. Many Chinese people have lived there for about 3.5 centuries. That’s why it is called china town.

History shows the massacre of Chinese people in Angke and Bidaracina. Chinese people in Bidaracina rebelled in 1740, after the discrimination done by the Netherlands.

The Chinese people then were isolated in an open prison or a kampong under the supervision of VOC. Some of those sentenced as the provocateurs were jailed in an underground prison in Governor VOC office (now Jakarta Historical Museum).

Arismawan Harjadi, a culture observer, explained that the Chinese people could live together with the native Indonesian and European in the downtown (now Kota Tua) after the rebellion act. They were not allowed to live in the downtown. They were isolated to outside Batavia. They built a kampong in Glodok and they did trading business.

Under Governor General Jan Pieterszoon (JP) Coen, Chinese cultures increased. Glodok was more hectic to be a residential area and business center. It attracted people from other regions to come.

Coen was substituted by Daeandles in 1811. Although many old buildings were destroyed, Glodok was defended. “Daendles was interested in Glodok so much. He built a road, connecting old city to the new city in Gambir. The road is now called Jl Gajahmada,” Harjadi said to, Thursday (10/22).

Afu (45), a resident of Petak Sembilan, Glodok, West Jakarta, said that his family and his old generations were isolated in Glodok in the colonialism era. “Glodok at that time was a form of colonialism discrimination to the Chinese people. It was a mass prison for us,” he said.

Glodok name came from the Indonesian word: “grojokan”. At that time, Glodok was an area that had more than enough soil water. But, the soil water always ran to the residential area. Native Indonesian called it as “grojokan”; because the Chinese people could not spell the word “R”, “grojokan” was called as “glodokan”. And it had been called “Glodok”, until now. The soil water center was named Pancoran, Glodok.

Now, Glodok is the name of an urban village in Tamansari sub-district, West Jakarta. It has 75 percent Chinese ethnic residents out of 11 thousand residents in Glodok urban village.


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